中国人口大迁徙

北京——

­中国河南省有约1亿人口,数量堪比大国。在中国,省是仅次于国家政府的最高行政区划,其下有乡、市、镇等。然而,比如在广东省,一个镇的人口可能多达50万甚至百万,超过许多外国城市。因此,对中国而言,区域政治经济状况——尤其是区域差异——不容忽视。

中国的区域差异是由其地理条件造成的。同印度、巴西等其他大陆国家相比,中国的海岸较短、内陆居多。对依靠水土产粮供给人口的社会形态而言,这不成问题。但是在现今工业化、城市化、市场化的背景下,运输成本对经济发展发挥着越来越大的作用,地理条件带来的区域差异会较为明显。

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