Contrary to popular wisdom, Chinese efforts to control the Internet and other new media are not doomed to fail. China's government has lost much control over the information and images that now circulate through Chinese society, but it still is capable of preventing any serious challenger from using the media to attack it. How can this be?
The government demands that Web sites, television programs, and other media meet three general criteria:
They must support, or at least not hinder, China's efforts to sustain economic growth, maintain social order, unify with Taiwan, and secure international respect;
They must support, or at least not question, the Chinese Communist Party's monopoly on political power; and