El comunismo consumista de China

China ha cambiado espectacularmente desde mediados del decenio de 1980. No es sólo el aumento del número de autopistas, vallas publicitarias y rascacielos lo que desconcierta a quien llevan mucho tiempo visitando el país. Incluso una visita a una librería puede impresionar a cualquiera que llegara por primera vez a China hace decenios, cuando parecía inconcebible que obras de teóricos no marxistas pudieran llegar jamás a superar a las de los marxistas. Se ha permitido incluso a una compañía teatral representar "Rebelión en la granja", la famosa alegoría antiautoritaria de George Orwell, que en otro tiempo los lectores del bloque socialista sólo podían conocer en ediciones clandestinas.

Los cambios son más profundos, naturalmente. En el decenio de 1980, no había mendigos en las calles de las ciudades y la principal divisoria social separaba al pequeño número de personas bien relacionadas políticamente, quienes gozaban de un estilo de vida privilegiado, del resto de la población. Ahora, hay a la vez mendigos y una clase media pujante. Solía ser difícil encontrar algo que hacer un sábado por la noche en Shangai. Ahora, la revista Time llama a esa ciudad el lugar "más animado" de la Tierra.

Mientras me preparaba para mi primer viaje a China hace veinte años, la tenebrosa obras maestra de George Orwell, Mil novecientos ochenta y cuatro, parecía una lente útil para observar esa "república popular". El control en China no era lo suficientemente rígido para considerarla la encarnación de un Estado con un Hermano Mayor autoritario y que todo lo vigila, pero había paralelismos: desde el desprecio de muchas formas de disfrute y diversión "burguesas" a las campañas periódicas de propaganda que insistían en que dos y dos eran cinco.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/9p5lRzi/es;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now