Krize AIDS v Číně

Jen zřídka se zahraniční lékař dostane do venkovských oblastí Číny, kde se zrodila tamní epidemie AIDS a kde jí za oběť padne děsivý počet obětí. Nedávno jsem se však se dvěma ošetřovatelkami jako součást týmu Medecins Sans Frontières (MSF) vydala do chudé zemědělské oblasti Ni-cuej v provincii Chu-pej, abychom navštívily rodinu Liouových a vyšetřily jejich sedmiměsíčního potomka. Dítě bylo velké jako dvouměsíční, ale jeho oči zíraly pohledem osmdesátiletého starce, už dlouho zažívajícího krajní utrpení. To dítě umíralo na AIDS. Jeho rodiče, tetičky i strýcové byli také HIV pozitivní.

Rodina Liouových je jednou z tisíců chudých zemědělských rodin v čínském vnitrozemí, které se v 90. letech nakazily HIV při odběrech krve, když nedostatečně regulované komerční krevní banky používaly opakovaně injekční jehly a po odebrání plazmy přenášely krev z nakažených dárců na dárce zdravé.

Čínské ministerstvo zdravotnictví stanovilo celkový počet případů HIV/AIDS na 840 tisíc, ačkoli většina odborníků je přesvědčena, že číslo je mnohem vyšší. Někteří věří, že do roku 2010 může počet nakažených Číňanů dosáhnout 10 milionů.

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