Dean Rohrer

El frente africano de China

DAKAR – El texto sagrado de China no es un libro sagrado como la Torá, la Biblia o el Corán. Más bien, es El arte de la guerra de Sun-Tzu. La idea central de Sun es que la “máxima excelencia no reside en ganar cada batalla sino en derrotar al enemigo sin siquiera pelear”.

De modo que no sorprende que la astucia y el engaño formen una parte esencial de la cultura diplomática y corporativa china. De hecho, a lo largo de los siglos sirvieron como el principio para la supervivencia y el éxito de los líderes chinos.

Hoy en día, somos testigos de la aplicación de las ideas de Sun en África, donde los principales objetivos de China son asegurar los suministros de energía y minerales para alimentar su precipitada expansión económica, abrir nuevos mercados, recortar la influencia de Taiwán en el continente, consolidar su floreciente autoridad global y hacerse de las cuotas de exportación asignadas por África. (Las compras de industrias textiles sudafricanas y nigerianas por parte d China son buenos ejemplos de esta estrategia. Los textiles exportados a todo el mundo por estas industrias se consideran exportaciones africanas cuando, en realidad, hoy son exportaciones chinas).

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