Coal workers China environment Bert van Dijk/Flickr

中国减煤

香港—在限制全球变暖的斗争中,没有哪个国家像中国那样重要。中国严重依赖煤炭,其二氧化碳排放量占全球的30%。幸运的是,中国正在改善环境记录。但它做得足够了吗?

如果中国智能追求一个目标,那就是减少对煤炭能源的依赖。中国人口占全球的六分之一,但却消费了全球近二分之一的煤炭。如果中国不降低这一比例并减少温室气体排放,那么遏制全球变暖就无从实现。

好消息是去年中国煤炭使用量略有下降——预计这一趋势将会持续。能源经济学和金融分析研究所(Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis)估算,中国煤电比例将从2014年的72.5%下降到2020年的60%。去年的煤炭使用量下降也许只是技术上的波动,但预计中国煤炭消费量很快就会见顶——有可能就在明年。

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