China and US US State Dept/Flickr

La discutible potencia económica de China

TOKIO – El Banco Mundial ha anunciado recientemente que este año la economía de China superará la de los Estados Unidos, según la paridad del poder adquisitivo (PPA), pero no se trata de una descripción holística de la posición económica mundial de China.

Aunque la PPA puede servir en parte para comparar el bienestar de unas y otras economías, queda afectada en gran medida por el tamaño de la población. La India, economía que ocupa el décimo puesto mundial por tamaño conforme al tipo de cambio en el mercado del dólar de los EE.UU. y la rupia india, es la tercera conforme a la PPA. Además, la mejor forma de juzgar los recursos de una potencia, como, por ejemplo, el costo del petróleo importado o de un motor de avión de combate avanzado, es mediante los tipos de cambio de las divisas que se deben utilizar para pagarlos.

Desde luego, el tamaño total es un aspecto importante de la potencia económica. China tiene un mercado atractivo y es el socio comercial mayor de muchos países, fuentes importantes de influencia que los dirigentes de China no tienen reparo en ejercer.

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