China and US US State Dept/Flickr

Сомнительная экономическая мощь Китая

ТОКИО - Всемирный банк недавно объявил, что экономика Китая обгонит США в этом году по измерениям паритета покупательной способности (ППС). Но это совсем не целостное изображение глобального экономического положения Китая.

Хотя измерение ППС помогает в какой-то степени со сравнениями благосостояния в разных странах, на него существенно влияет численность населения. Если бы Индия, десятая по величине экономика в мире, измерялась в соответствии с рыночным курсом обмена доллара США и индийской рупии, она бы была третьей по величине по паритету покупательной способности. Кроме того, энергетические ресурсы, такие как стоимость импортной нефти или продвинутого двигателя для истребителей, лучше судить по обменным курсам валют, которые должны быть использованы для оплаты за них.

Надо отметить, что общий размер является важным аспектом экономической мощи. Китай имеет привлекательный рынок и является крупнейшим торговым партнером многих стран: важные источники экономических рычагов, которые китайские лидеры не боятся использовать.

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