China and US US State Dept/Flickr

质疑中国经济实力

东京—世界银行最近宣布,用购买力平价衡量,中国经济将在今年超过美国。但这远非中国全球经济地位的写照。

购买力平价可以在一定程度上比较不同国家的福祉,但它受人口规模影响很大。用卢比兑美元市场利率衡量,印度是世界第十大经济体,若用购买力平价衡量,它是第三大经济体。此外,实力资源——如进口石油或先进战斗机发动机的成本等——使用与支付货币的汇率来衡量更合理。

诚然,总规模是经济实力的重要方面。中国拥有极具吸引力的市场,也是许多国家最大的贸易伙伴——这些都是中国领导人不惮于利用的优势资源。

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