Xi Jingping 27 Dec Xinhua News Agency

Trump a los ojos de China

IRVINE – Cuando Donald Trump ganó la elección presidencial de Estados Unidos en noviembre, tenía muchos seguidores chinos. Pero la popularidad de Trump desde entonces se desplomó, debido a sus declaraciones -muchas veces vía Twitter- sobre cuestiones controversiales, como Taiwán y el Mar de la China Meridional. Esta no es la primera vez que la visión que tiene China de un líder estadounidense se deteriora rápidamente.

El abrupto cambio en el sentimiento chino hacia Trump es reminiscente de lo que le sucedió al presidente estadounidense Woodrow Wilson después de su reelección hace un siglo. En aquel momento, muchos intelectuales chinos, entre ellos el joven Mao Tse-tung, admiraban a Wilson, politólogo y ex decano de la Universidad de Princeton. Luego, en 1919, Wilson respaldó el Tratado de Versailles, que transfería el control de los ex territorios alemanes en la provincia de Shandong a Japón, en lugar de devolvérselos a China. Wilson rápidamente perdió todo encanto en China.

El cambio fue similar -pero las razones son muy diferentes-. Hace un siglo, China se vio motivada a respaldar a Wilson, y luego a aborrecerlo, por sus propias debilidades. Hoy, la fuerza de China es lo que guía la visión que tiene del presidente estadounidense.

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