Singapore at night Kah-Wai Lin/Flickr

El verdadero modelo Singapur

CLAREMONT, CALIFORNIA – La muerte de Lee Kuan Yew, el padre fundador de Singapur, ofrece una oportunidad para reflexionar sobre su legado -y, quizá más importante, sobre si ese legado se ha entendido correctamente.

Durante sus 31 años como primer ministro, Lee diseñó un sistema único de gobierno, equilibrando intrincadamente autoritarismo con democracia y capitalismo estatal con libre mercado. Conocida como "el modelo Singapur", la marca de gobernancia de Lee suele caracterizarse erróneamente como una dictadura unipartidaria sobreimpuesta a una economía de libre mercado. Su éxito a la hora de transformar a Singapur en una ciudad-estado próspera suele ser invocado por los regímenes autoritarios como un justificativo para su control férreo de la sociedad -algo que en ningún lugar es más evidente que en China.

De hecho, el presidente chino, Xi Jinping, está implementando una agenda transformadora sumamente influenciada por el modelo Singapur -una guerra implacable contra la corrupción, medidas severas contra el disenso y reformas económicas pro-mercado-. El Partido Comunista Chino (PCC) encuentra en Singapur una visión de su futuro: la perpetuación de su monopolio sobre el poder político en una sociedad capitalista próspera.

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