Singapore at night Kah-Wai Lin/Flickr

真正的新加坡模式

克莱蒙特,加利福尼亚—新加坡国父李光耀的逝世让我们思考他的遗产——也许更重要的是,还有关于他的遗产能否被正确理解的问题。

在31年的总理生涯中,李光耀打造了独特的政府制度,复杂而巧妙地将极权和民主、国家资本主义和自由市场相平衡。李光耀的治国之道被称为“新加坡模式”,常常被误解为一党独裁加自由市场经济。他成功地让新加坡变为一个繁荣的城市国家,这常常被极权统治者用来论证严格控制社会的正当性——首屈一指的便是中国。

事实上,中国国家主席习近平所实施的转型日程受到新加坡模式的巨大影响——不懈的反腐斗争、大范围打击异见人士,以及市场经济改革。中国共产党把新加坡视为未来愿景之一:在一个繁荣的资本主义社会中永远垄断权力。

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