Man installing photovoltaic panels

Революция Возобновляемой Энергии

СИДНЕЙ – В Соединенных Штатах и Европе, преимущества возобновляемых источников энергии главным образом рассматриваются как экологические. Энергия получаемая от ветра и солнца, может компенсировать потребность в сжигании ископаемого топлива, помогая смягчить последствия изменения климата.

Однако в Китае и Индии, возобновляемые источники энергии рассматриваются удивительно другим образом. Относительно быстрым переходом от ископаемых видов топлива в обеих странах движет не столько озабоченность изменением климата, сколько экономические выгоды, которые возобновляемые источники энергии влекут за собой.

Действительно, в то время как экономические выгоды от возобновляемых источников энергии могут быть привлекательными для стран с развитой экономикой, таких как Германия или Япония (каждая из которых быстро отходит от ископаемых видов топлива), преимущества для развивающихся промышленных гигантов являются огромными. Для Индии и Китая, экономическая траектория, основанная на ископаемых видах топлива, могла бы означать катастрофу, так как усилия по достаточному обеспечению их огромных популяций раздули геополитическую напряженность. Помимо повышенной энергетической безопасности, низкоуглеродная экономика способствовала бы внутреннему производству и улучшила качество местной окружающей среды, например, снизив городской смог.

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