Man installing photovoltaic panels

可再生能源革命

悉尼——在美国和欧洲,人们认为可再生能源主要可以带来环境方面的好处。风能和太阳能可以抵消燃烧化石燃料的需求,从而有助于缓解气候变化。

但在中国和印度,人们看待可再生能源的方式截然不同。中印两国以较快的速度摆脱化石燃料并不是因为担心气候变化,而是因为可再生能源可以带来经济上的好处。

事实上,可再生能源的经济效益既可以吸引德日等发达经济体(上述两国都在迅速摆脱化石燃料),更可以为新兴工业巨人带来好处。对印度和中国而言,基于化石燃料的经济发展轨迹可能会带来灾难,因为其庞大人口的巨额需求可能激化地缘政治紧张。除强化能源安全外,低碳经济还能促进国内生产,并通过减少城市雾霾等方式改善当地的环境质量。

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