hong kong handover Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

Одна страна, одна система

СТОКГОЛЬМ – Первого июля отмечается 20-летие передачи Великобританией Гонконга Китаю по модели, получившей название «одна страна, две системы». Однако над официальными торжествами будет нависать неизбежный вопрос: а что тут на самом деле праздновать?

Если бы вы спросили Дэн Сяопина, архитектора модели «одна страна, две системы», как будет выглядеть 20-летие передачи Гонконга, он, наверное, сказал бы, что жители Гонконга поднимут тосты за своё процветанию и свободу. Руководство Китая, со своей стороны, гордилось бы способностью управлять и оправдывать доверие, наконец-то, успокоив хор скептиков, которые сомневались в искренности обещаний Компартии Китая (КПК) Гонконгу.

Однако реальность совсем иная. Сегодня сцены, совершенно немыслимые для Гонконга образца 1997 года, стали повседневной рутиной – массовые антикитайские демонстрации; избрание в парламент радикалов, выступающих против КПК; открытые призывы к независимости.

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