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laurent_ Wu JunjieChina News ServiceVCG via Getty Images_china pollution Wu Junjie/China News Service/VCG via Getty Images




但中国令人瞩目的崛起也打碎了三个关于经济增长的影响的神话。首先是增长降低不平等性、增加幸福感。1955年,经济学家西蒙·库兹涅茨(Simon Kuznets)提出了一个假说,认为收入不平等性将随着国家的经济发展,呈现出急剧升高然后下降的走势——即倒U型或钟型走势。从中国自1978年以来的经济增长速度看,它的经验是对库兹涅茨假说最有力的拒绝。

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