Wind farm energy China environment Asian Development Bank/Flickr

Революция зелёной энергетики в Китае

СИДНЕЙ – Как и все растущие экономические державы со времен промышленной революции, Китай производит большую часть электричества, сжигая ископаемое топливо. Но этот отдельно взятый факт не должен затмевать важную тенденцию. Китайская система энергогенерации становится «зелёной», причем намного быстрее, чем любые другие системы сравнимого размера на планете.

Эта тенденция заметна в трех сферах. Во-первых, в объемах производства электроэнергии. Согласно данным китайского Совета по электроэнергии, в 2014 году объемы производства электроэнергии из ископаемого топлива, в частности нефти, угля и газа, в Китае сократились на 0,7% по сравнению с прошлым годом. Подобное падение происходит впервые за последнее время. Между тем, производство электроэнергии без использования ископаемого топлива увеличилось на 19%.

Интересно, что атомная энергетика сыграла очень незначительную роль в этих переменах. Производство электричества из «зелёных», возобновляемых источников энергии (таких как вода, ветер и солнце) выросло на 20%. При этом наиболее резкий рост наблюдается в производстве солнечной электроэнергии, которое выросло на впечатляющие 175%. Солнечная энергетика также превзошла атомную по объемам новой генерации – 17,43 тераватт-часов (по сравнению с 14,70 тераватт-часов, впервые произведенных на атомных электростанциях). Наконец, третий год подряд Китай производит больше электроэнергии на ветряных электростанциях, чем на атомных. На этом фоне утверждения, что Китай должен опираться на атомные электростанции для генерации энергии без использования ископаемого топлива, выглядят малообоснованными.

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