Wind farm energy China environment Asian Development Bank/Flickr

中国的绿色能源革命

悉尼——如同工业革命以来所有崛起经济体一样,中国的发电系统大多依赖燃烧化石燃料。但只看到这一点就可能忽视一种值得关注的趋势。中国的发电系统正在朝绿色化方向发展——并且速度远非地球上规模相当的其他系统能够比拟。

上述趋势体现在三个方面。其中首先是发电领域。中国电力企业联合会发布的数据显示,中国的化石燃料发电量2014年有史以来首次同比下降了0.7%。此外,非化石燃料发电量则同比增长19%。

值得注意的是,上述变化绝大部分并非来自核能。水能、风能和太阳能等严格意义上的绿色能源发电增长了20%,其中以太阳能发电的增幅最大,实现了175% 的惊人涨幅。太阳能发电在新能源产出方面同样超过核电,去年太阳能发电量增长17.43太瓦时,而核能发电量仅增长14.7太瓦时。而且中国风力发电的贡献量连续第三年超过核能。有鉴于此,中国非碳发电将依赖核电的说法似乎并不准确。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To access our archive, please log in or register now and read two articles from our archive every month for free. For unlimited access to our archive, as well as to the unrivaled analysis of PS On Point, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy, which describes the personal data we collect and how we use it.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/7feIEZh/zh;

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.