Renminbi burnt bills

نمل الديون الأبيض في الصين

بكين ــ لا يوجد تشبيه يعبر عن التحدي الاقتصادي الذي يواجه الصين أفضل من التحفة المعمارية التي تنتمي إلى المستقبل والمصممة كمقر لشبكة تلفزيون الدولة (CCTV). قبل بضعة أشهر من حلول موعد اكتمال هذا المبنى التاريخي في عام 2009، نظم المسؤولون في الشبكة عرضاً غير مسموح به للألعاب النارية، والذي تسبب في إشعال شرارة حريق أتى على مبنى أصغر في المجمع، وهو برج على هيئة وتد وكان أهل بكين يسمونه عش النمل الأبيض.

تسبب الحريق في تأخير اكتمال مقر الشبكة إلى عام 2012. ولا يزال عش النمل الأبيض غير مكتمل وغير مأهول؛ فقد قوض الحريق سلامته الإنشائية، ولا يمكن هدمه خشية تقويض المبنى الأكبر المجاور له. ولا يستطيع الجزء السليم من البناء أن يتخلص من عبء الجزء التالف.

يذكرنا هذان المبنيان باقتصاد الصين الذي أصبح مزدوج المسار بشكل متزايد: مسار جديد يقوم على الخدمات والاستهلاك ومثقل بتركة مسار قديم أبطأ ويتألف من صناعات مثل الصلب والتعدين، والتي تتسم بعدم الكفاءة وتعاني من الطاقة الإنتاجية الفائضة. ويباعد بين المسارين السوق العقارية في البلاد، والتي تتسم بفائض هائل في المعروض في المدن المتوسطة والصغيرة الحجم والطلب القوي في المدن الكبيرة.

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