China's President Xi Jinping shakes hands with National People's Congress Chairman Zhang Dejiang WANG ZHAO/AFP/Getty Images

如何正确评判中国的国家治理?

香港—一年一度的中国“两会”(人大和政协会议)后,似乎所有西方观察者都在讨论取消国家主席两届任期限制的话题。国际媒体强调了这是中国领导人在巩固权力,甚至是在培养个人崇拜。但这样的解读过于简单,没有看到中国国家治理的实质性含义。

西方主流观点担心习近平权威日益加强其实是体现了美国和欧洲对它们的民主体制日益遭到挑战而感到焦虑。在世界从单极向多极体系转变的时代,我们不能仅仅从传统的西方视角来看待及评判中国的政治发展及其国家治理。

中国最近在国家治理方面的变化应该被视为中国大历史及更广泛的现代化进程的一部分。在这个过程中不同的国家治理体系正相互竞争,以应对复杂的、在全球范围内相互关联的的各种挑战,包括颠覆性新技术的涌现、地缘政治对抗、气候变化和人口结构演变等。简言之,各国正在寻找维护与改善其国家治理的立足点,特别是如何应对持续不断的结构调整及伴随的社会问题。

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