Chinas neue globale Führungsrolle

NEW YORK – Die größte Wirtschaftsnachricht des Jahres ist beinahe unbemerkt geblieben: Laut Internationalem Währungsfonds hat China die USA als weltgrößte Volkswirtschaft überholt. Und während Chinas geopolitisches Gewicht parallel zu seiner Wirtschaftsmacht rapide zunimmt, verschwenden die USA ihre globale Führungsstellung weiter. Die Gründe hierfür sind die unkontrollierte Gier ihrer politischen und wirtschaftlichen Eliten und die selbst gegrabene Grube eines permanenten Krieges im Nahen Osten.

Laut IWF wird Chinas BIP 2014 17,6 Billionen Dollar betragen und damit das der USA von 17,4 Billionen übertreffen. Allerdings ist Chinas Bevölkerung mehr als viermal so groß, daher beträgt das BIP pro Kopf von mit 12.900 Dollar natürlich nach wie vor nicht mal ein Viertel der 54.700 Dollar in den USA – was Amerikas deutlich höheren Lebensstandard zeigt.

Der Aufstieg Chinas ist folgenschwer, deutet jedoch zugleich eine Rückkehr an. Schließlich ist China seit seiner staatlichen Einigung vor mehr als 2000 Jahren das bevölkerungsreichste Land der Welt; daher ist es logisch, wenn es auch die weltgrößte Volkswirtschaft ist. Und tatsächlich deuten die vorhandenen Daten darauf hin, dass China (nach Kaufkraftparität) bis etwa 1889, als es von den USA überflügelt wurde, die größte Volkswirtschaft der Welt war. Heute, 125 Jahre später, hat sich diese Rangfolge nach Jahrzehnten rascher wirtschaftlicher Entwicklung in China wider umgekehrt.

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