Thierry Charlier/AFP/Getty Images

Неосвоенный потенциал китайско-европейских инвестиций

ПЕКИН – У мировой экономики, как считает Международный валютный фонд, темпы роста «слишком низкие и уже слишком долгое время». Главной причиной этого стало резкое замедление роста объёмов мировой торговли, которые в этом году, по прогнозам Всемирной торговой организации, увеличатся на 1,7%. Это намного ниже усреднённого уровня 6,7% в год в течение десятилетия, предшествовавшего кризису 2008 года. Поскольку в одиночку международная торговля больше не может играть роль фундамента глобального сотрудничества, пришло время расширять инвестиционные связи.

На сегодня не существует реального регламента инвестиционного сотрудничества на глобальном уровне. Впрочем, недавно страны «Большой двадцатки» (G20) одобрили первый в мире программный документ по вопросам многосторонних инвестиций под названием «Руководящие принципы G20 в сфере глобальной инвестиционной политики». Эти общие принципы могли бы стать особенно полезны для Китая и Евросоюза, которые пытаются договориться о двустороннем инвестиционном соглашении (ДИС).

Уже состоялось несколько раундов переговоров по поводу этого соглашения, на которых основное внимание уделялось укреплению защиты инвестиций, а также вопросам доступа к рынкам. Но ещё больше таких раундов предстоит провести, поскольку некоторые важные вопросы, в том числе касающиеся прозрачности регулирования и создания эффективных механизмов разрешения споров, пока что до конца не согласованы.

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