中国增长的秘密

上海—许多人对中国经济的增长前景感到十分悲观,因为大规模债务、过度投资、产能过剩以及2008年全球金融危机以来的所谓“鬼城”逐渐出现。但这些问题都不是新问题。自1978年以来,它们就以各种方式影响着中国经济,东亚的其他高增长经济体——台湾、韩国甚至日本——在快速增长时期也无不遇到过这些问题。

尽管如此,自邓小平启动他的“改革开放”政策以来,中国平均年增长率高达9.7%。而韩国和台湾都只花了40年时间完成了从低收入到高收入的转型。

这些经济提是如何成功地以如此快速增长如此长时间,并克服期间所面临的严重问题的?答案很简单:恢复力(resilience)。

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