China y la crisis financiera global

GINEBRA –  ¿Es acaso China una isla de estabilidad en medio de la creciente tormenta financiera global, o también será azotada por ella pronto?

Los funcionarios chinos han declarado que la crisis que empezó en los Estados Unidos no desacelerará las reformas que China ha planeado desde hace tiempo en sus mercados financieros. Insisten en que su país seguirá adelante con los planes para introducir la compra y la venta al descubierto y los contratos de futuros de los precios de las acciones. Pero China desaceleró la liberalización de la cuenta de capital tras la crisis financiera de Asia hace diez años, por lo que es posible que los problemas de Estados Unidos hagan que China sea más cautelosa.

China ha desempeñado un papel importante en el financiamiento del déficit presupuestal estadounidense en años recientes, gracias a sus esfuerzos para manejar el tipo de cambio del renminbi frente al dólar. China no desea que su gran superávit en cuenta corriente provoque que la moneda se dispare, y tal vez no quiera que disminuya el ritmo de la apreciación del renminbi debido a las preocupaciones por la desaceleración económica global.

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