Yemeni Al-Akhdam children Mohammed Huwais/Stringer

Детство в мрачные времена

НЬЮ-ЙОРК, СТОКГОЛЬМ – Прошедший год, вероятно, запомнится своими военными и политическими событиями, но он также должен войти в историю как едва ли не худший год для детей со времён Второй мировой войны.

Фотографии мёртвых, раненых, отчаявшихся от горя маленьких детей появляются в прессе практически ежедневно: вот сидит маленький мальчик, окровавленный, в шоке после бомбёжки его дома; вот из-под завалов извлекают детские тела; вот небольшие могилки на средиземноморском побережье – свидетельство смерти никому не известных детей.

Это очень сильные, вызывающие дискомфорт фотографии. Однако они не в состоянии передать масштабы страданий детей. Более 240 миллионов детей живут сейчас в зонах конфликта, начиная с полей смерти в Сирии, Йемене, Ираке и северной Нигерии и заканчивая хуже задокументированными, но полными ужаса районами Сомали, Южного Судана и Афганистана. Около 50 миллионов детей стали вынужденными переселенцами внутри своих стран или живут за их пределами, больше половины из них насильно лишены родного дома; теперь их жизням и благополучию грозят новые опасности.

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