儿童先驱

伦敦—英国社会改革家杰布(Eglantyne Jebb)曾经指出,全世界都听得懂的国际语言只有儿童的哭声。在杰布创立拯救儿童(Save the Children)计划近一个世纪后,2014年诺贝尔和平奖授予了17岁的女孩教育先驱马拉拉·尤沙夫赛(Malala Yousafzai)和童工反对者凯拉什·塞蒂亚尔西(Kailash Satyarthi)。诺贝尔委员会通过这种方式承认了与儿童贩卖、童工、童婚和重男轻女的全球公民权利斗争。

目前,叙利亚、伊拉克、加沙和南苏丹冲突仍在进行中,许多年轻人的生活饱受蹂躏,诺贝尔委员会突出儿童所遭受的苦难可谓正逢其时。理应成为庇护所的学校成了军事目标。数千叙利亚和伊拉克儿童被强征入伍。尽管联合国纾困机构做出了努力,但今年夏天的大屠杀仍然添增了一百万儿童难民。

儿童的脆弱在六个月前的事件中彰显无遗。伊斯兰教恐怖组织博科圣地(Boko Haram,意思是“西方教育是一种罪恶”)诱拐劫持了276名尼日利亚女学生。即使所有女生最后都随着该组织与尼日利亚政府达成休战协议而安全归来,全球仍有1,500万14岁以下儿童被迫工作,受尽剥削,并且他们的工作环境常常骇人听闻。另有每年一千万学龄女孩成为童婚新娘,大约3,200万女孩享受不到接受小学教育的基本权利。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/jjpYkHi/zh;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.