儿童先驱

伦敦—英国社会改革家杰布(Eglantyne Jebb)曾经指出,全世界都听得懂的国际语言只有儿童的哭声。在杰布创立拯救儿童(Save the Children)计划近一个世纪后,2014年诺贝尔和平奖授予了17岁的女孩教育先驱马拉拉·尤沙夫赛(Malala Yousafzai)和童工反对者凯拉什·塞蒂亚尔西(Kailash Satyarthi)。诺贝尔委员会通过这种方式承认了与儿童贩卖、童工、童婚和重男轻女的全球公民权利斗争。

目前,叙利亚、伊拉克、加沙和南苏丹冲突仍在进行中,许多年轻人的生活饱受蹂躏,诺贝尔委员会突出儿童所遭受的苦难可谓正逢其时。理应成为庇护所的学校成了军事目标。数千叙利亚和伊拉克儿童被强征入伍。尽管联合国纾困机构做出了努力,但今年夏天的大屠杀仍然添增了一百万儿童难民。

儿童的脆弱在六个月前的事件中彰显无遗。伊斯兰教恐怖组织博科圣地(Boko Haram,意思是“西方教育是一种罪恶”)诱拐劫持了276名尼日利亚女学生。即使所有女生最后都随着该组织与尼日利亚政府达成休战协议而安全归来,全球仍有1,500万14岁以下儿童被迫工作,受尽剥削,并且他们的工作环境常常骇人听闻。另有每年一千万学龄女孩成为童婚新娘,大约3,200万女孩享受不到接受小学教育的基本权利。

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