Beyonce Pepsi Beyonce/Karwai Tang/ZumaPress

Верная битва за еду

ДРЕЗДЕН – Насколько должны правительства регулировать или взимать налоги за зависимости? Этот вопрос уже давно присутствует в общественной дискуссии об алкоголе, табаке, азартных играх и других товарах и услугах во многих странах по всему миру. Однако теперь, в Соединенных Штатах - пожалуй матери глобальной потребительской культуры - дебаты повернулись к борьбе против эпидемии детского ожирения.

Как это ни парадоксально, но в мире, где свирепствует детское недоедание в многих развивающихся странах, детское ожирение становится одним из ведущих бедствий здравоохранения в странах с развитой экономикой. По оценкам Всемирного Банка более трети всех детей в Индонезии, например, страдают от задержки роста и поэтому сталкиваются с риском пожизненных осложнений в когнитивном развитии и спортивной форме. Тем не менее, положение недоедающих детей в развивающихся странах не делает ожирение в развитых странах меньшей проблемой.

Хотя ожирению – и особенно детскому ожирению – не сравниться с рисками глобального потепления и нехватки воды, они тем не менее находятся на коротком списке основных проблем общественного здравоохранения, стоящих на пути передовых странам в двадцать первом веке, и они быстро влияют на многие страны с формирующейся рыночной экономикой. Тем не менее, решение этой проблемы будет гораздо более трудным по сравнению с теми успешными вмешательствами в области общественного здравоохранения прошлого века, в том числе всеобщей вакцинации, фторирования питьевой воды и автомобильных правил безопасности.

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