Потерянное Детство

Стоны детей, принуждаемых к тяжелой работе слышны в любой точке земного шара. Международная Организация по Охране Труда (МООТ) считает, что 90 миллионов детей в возрасте от восьми до пятнадцати лет в развивающихся странах заняты физическим трудом; в мире число таких детей значительно больше. Зачастую условия труда невыносимы: контакты с отравляющими веществами, вредными парами и газами, ношение тяжестей. Как правило дети перегружены работой, недосыта едят и получают жалкие гроши - если вообще их получают.

Хотя многие страны ввели запреты на эксплуатацию детского труда и насилие над детьми, оптимизм ввиду условий труда необоснован. Такой печальный вывод основывается на неотвратимости факта: большинство семей, в которых дети вынуждены работать зависит от их заработка как от способа выживания.

Причина востребованности детского труда в экономиках развивающихся стран и в экономиках, переживающих спад проста: это его дешевизна. Так, директор средней по величине текстильной компании в Бангладеше признается без колебаний, что на его фабрике 70% рабочих - дети в возрасте от 13 до 17 лет. «Производят они столько же, сколько и взрослые,» - говорит он, «но стоят гораздо меньше.»

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