Nepoznaný ráj dětství

Pláč pracujících dětí je slyšet po celém světě. Mezinárodní organizace práce (MOP) odhaduje, že pracovní síla rozvojových zemí zahrnuje 90 milionů zaměstnaných dětí ve věku od osmi do patnácti let. Celosvětově je číslo ještě vyšší. Děti často pracují za nebezpečných podmínek - manipulují s jedovatými chemikáliemi, vdechují škodlivé výpary, přenášejí nadměrná břemena. Jsou obvykle přepracované, podvyživené a špatně placené - pokud plat vůbec dostávají.

Ačkoliv mnohé země přijaly zákony zakazující používat - a zneužívat - dětí coby pracovní síly, optimismus ohledně podmínek, jimž pracující děti čelí, je nepodložený. Tento závěr plyne ze skutečnosti, jíž neunikneme: rodiny většiny zaměstnaných dětí jsou na jejich práci existenčně závislé.

Vzhledem k tomu, že dětští dělníci představují levnou pracovní sílu, má v rozvojových ekonomikách a v zemích sužovaných recesemi nejlepší vyhlídky na zaměstnání nejmladší generace. Ředitel středně velkého textilního podniku v Bangladéši bez váhání přiznává, že 70% jeho zaměstnanců je ve věku od 13 do 17 let. ,,Přinášejí stejnou produktivitu jako dospělí," říká, ,,ovšem jen za zlomek nákladů."

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