Crumpled paper on notebook with drawn image of light bulb.

Управление энергетической революцией

ЭР-РИЯД/ЛОНДОН – На протяжении десятилетий, международный энергетический ландшафт был относительно стабильным, с такими производителями, как Саудовская Аравия, Иран, Алжир, продающими нефть и газ потребителям в Соединенных Штатах и Европе. Однако, в течение нескольких лет, территория энергетики, вероятно, будет неузнаваема, так как драматические технологические, экономические и геополитические изменения перестроят коммерческие отношения во всем мире.

Что необходимо, так это новая структура управления, выходящая за рамки традиционных двусторонних отношений между производителями и потребителями. В быстро меняющемся мире, гарантирование энергетической безопасности потребует тщательного управления множественными взаимосвязанными отношениями. Только открытый международный форум, на котором можно обменяться и обсудить комплексные идеи, скорее всего, окажется адекватным для решения задачи по управлению новой эрой использования энергии, производства и потребления.

Происходящие изменения являются весьма существенными. Во многих странах- экспортерах энергоресурсов, резко возрастает внутреннее потребление. Исторически, эти страны рассматривали энергию как дешевый ресурс. Сегодня они все чаще принимают меры по устранению субсидий, введению рыночных цен и повышению эффективности – политики, более типичные для стран-импортеров энергоресурсов. ВР прогнозирует, что на Ближнем Востоке, с его обширными запасами ископаемого топлива, потребление первичной энергии к 2035 году вырастет на 77%.

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