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得益于所谓的“大温和”,中央银行的声誉在世纪之交前后达到了高峰。低水平和稳定的通货膨胀,持续增长和高就业水平让许多人觉得中央银行犹如某种宇宙主宰,能够(并被认定)为所有人的福祉而管理经济。那种将美国联邦储备委员会主席格林斯潘(Alan Greenspan)尊为“大师”的描述正是体现了这种观念。


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