Prostitutes in Thailand Paula Bronstein/Stringer

Razones para legalizar el trabajo sexual

PRINCETON – Como dice el dicho, el trabajo sexual es la profesión más vieja del mundo (sólo que el dicho usa “prostitución” en vez de “trabajo sexual”). La adopción de un término menos peyorativo se justifica por el cambio de actitud hacia las personas que se dedican a esta actividad, que contribuyó a la decisión tomada por Amnistía Internacional en mayo de exhortar a los gobiernos a derogar leyes que criminalizan el intercambio consentido de sexo por dinero entre adultos.

El llamado de Amnistía Internacional generó una andanada de rechazos, algunos por parte de personas que evidentemente no distinguen entre la industria del sexo en su conjunto y el tráfico de seres humanos que, en muchos países, es una parte trágica de dicha industria. Nadie querrá legalizar la coerción, la violencia o la captación mediante engaño en la industria del sexo, ni la explotación sexual infantil. Pero algunas organizaciones que hacen campaña contra la trata comprenden que la prohibición del trabajo sexual vuelve mucho más peligroso para quienes lo ejercen en esas condiciones pedir ayuda a las autoridades. Por eso, el Secretariado Internacional de la Alianza Global Contra la Trata de Mujeres aplaudió a Amnistía Internacional por apoyar la despenalización.

También hubo oposición de algunas organizaciones feministas, que acusaron a Amnistía de proteger los “derechos de proxenetas y clientes” y dijeron que en vez de eso hay que “poner fin a la demanda de sexo pago”, pero no explicaron cómo lograrlo.

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