Hlavní města kapitálu

NEW YORK – Čínská vláda nedávno oznámila, že chce, aby se Šanghaj stala do roku 2020 hlavním městem globálních financí, srovnatelným s Londýnem a New Yorkem. Je to ambiciózní cíl, kterého může a nemusí být dosaženo. Čínské aspirace však odrážejí také jednu znepokojivou a stále všudypřítomnější novou realitu: političtí představitelé dělají rozhodnutí, která jsou za normálních okolností vyhrazená trhům, a to v míře nevídané celé desítky let.

Podobně jako finanční krize samotná je dnes i tento trend globální. V desítkách zemí přijímají politické špičky rozhodnutí, která v dohledné budoucnosti předurčí výkonnost místních (i globálních) trhů.

Čínský export poklesl v únoru o více než 25%. Žádný strach, reagoval premiér Wen Ťia-pao: čínská vláda má „dostatek munice“ na doplnění svého stimulačního balíku v objemu 587 miliard dolarů – na plán, který má vytvořit miliony pracovních míst prostřednictvím enormních vládních investic do dopravy, energetické infrastruktury, bydlení a dalších rozsáhlých projektů.

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