Morální bastardi kapitalismu

Nedávná odhalení, že řada firemních manažerů antedatovala své opce na nákup akcií, aby si zajistila přehnané náhrady, i když si jejich firmy vedly špatně, jsou pouze posledním z mnoha příkladů špatného podnikatelského chování. V éře promrhaných penzí a dávek pro řadové občany vedou obžerské finanční požitky pro vrcholové manažery cynickou veřejnost k otázce, co se to s velkým byznysem stalo.

Odpověď může být docela prostá: až příliš mnoho šéfů opustilo základní lidské hodnoty a osvojilo si slavné krédo Gordona Gekka z filmu Wall Street : „Chamtivost je dobrá.“

Stále větší počet výzkumných prací však dospívá k závěru, že chamtivost není vždy dobrá a že morální hodnoty jsou nutnou součástí podnikání. Gordonové Gekkové jsou dravci, kteří se vrhají po rychlém zisku. A přestože i oni hrají užitečnou roli, protože nutí ostatní hráče být neustále ve střehu a zvyšují efektivitu prostřednictvím konkurence, účastníci trhu se jim z převážné části vyhýbají a raději dělají obchody s Warreny Buffetty – tvrdými byznysmeny, o nichž je však známo, že hrají fér a vytvářejí dlouhodobé hodnoty.

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