Может ли наука спасти мир?

КЕМБРИДЖ – Большинство людей считают, что никогда еще не было лучшего времени чем сейчас для того, чтобы жить. Новшества, которые подстегивают экономический прогресс – информационные технологии, биотехнологии и наноиндустрия – могут повысить уровень жизни как в развитом, так и в развивающемся мире. Мы становимся частью киберпространства, которое может связать любого человека в любом месте со всей мировой информацией и культурой – и с каждым вторым человеком на планете.

Технологии двадцать первого века предложат щадящие в экологическом отношении образы жизни и ресурсы для того, чтобы облегчить тяжелое положение и повысить жизненные шансы двух миллиардов самых бедных людей в мире. Более того, самая большая угроза 1960-х и 1970-х годов – ядерное уничтожение – уменьшилась. Однако, эта угроза может вернуться в случае возобновления противостояния между новыми супердержавами. Есть также и другие риски, связанные с большим коллективным воздействием человечества на планету, а также с растущим влиянием отдельных людей.

Вскоре после Второй Мировой войны физики в Университете Чикаго начали издавать журнал под названием «Бюллетень ученых-атомщиков» с целью способствовать установлению контроля над вооружением. Логотип на обложке Бюллетеня – это часы, на которых близость стрелок к полуночи указывает на суждение редакторов в отношении ненадежности мировой ситуации. Каждые несколько лет минутная стрелка передвигается или вперед, или назад. Ближе всего к полуночи она была в 1962 году во время Карибского кризиса.

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