Colombia: ¿la paz está más cerca?

BOGOTÁ – Dos terceras partes de la población de Colombia cree que el diálogo entre el  gobierno del Presidente Juan Manuel Santos y la guerrilla podría tener éxito. Creen que se podría negociar el fin del conflicto armado y que  las FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia), quizá el grupo insurgente más antiguo del mundo, deje las armas y participe en la política legal.

Después de 38 años de conflicto, el optimismo de los colombianos llama la atención. Desde 1982, al menos tres intentos de negociación han fracasado. La Unión Patriótica, partido creado en el decenio de 1980 como vehículo de los combatientes para participar en la política, se disolvió tras el exterminio de 1.500 de sus miembros a manos de fuerzas paramilitares desconocidas.

Después, en el decenio de 1990, el Gobierno abandonó las negociaciones, cuando las FARC asesinaron a un ex Secretario de Estado. Y en 2002 el Gobierno puso fin al diálogo con los rebeldes después de convencerse de que las intenciones de las FARC no eran las de avanzar hacia la paz, sino aprovechar la desmilitarización de 42.000 kilómetros cuadrados para facilitar las negociaciones.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/hbx4Wdh/es;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.