¿Puede Rusia ser grande?

CAMBRIDGE – En los años cincuenta, muchos estadounidenses temían que la Unión Soviética rebasara a su país como principal potencia mundial. La Unión Soviética tenía el territorio más grande del mundo, la tercera población más grande, y la segunda mayor economía. Además, producía más petróleo y gas que Arabia Saudita.

Asimismo, la Unión Soviética poseía casi la mitad de las armas nucleares del mundo, su ejército era más grande que el de los Estados Unidos, y tenía más personas empleadas en la investigación y el desarrollo. Detonó una bomba de hidrógeno en 1952, sólo un año después que los Estados Unidos, y fue la primera en lanzar un satélite al espacio en 1957.

En lo que se refiere al poder blando, la ideología comunista era atractiva en la Europa posterior a la Segunda Guerra Mundial debido a sus características antifascistas, y en el Tercer Mundo debido a su identificación con los movimientos nacionales de independencia. La propaganda soviética promovió activamente un mito sobre la inevitabilidad del triunfo del comunismo.

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