Могут ли транснациональные компании спасти Африку?

Транснациональные компании были движущей силой в посткоммунистической Восточной Европе в течение переходного периода, принося с собой новые навыки, технологию, обучение и лучшие условия труда. Они спасли банковские системы, модернизировали телекоммуникационные сети, восстановили проблемные отрасли промышленности, подняли качество товаров и подорвали круговую поруку монополий, которые грабили простых граждан в течение многих десятилетий.

Но является ли Восточная Европа исключением из правил? Могут ли транснациональные компании принести подобную пользу и в других нуждающихся регионах, например, в Африке к югу от Сахары, где последствия колониализма, апартеида и неумелого руководства экономикой создают существенно иную деловую обстановку?

Согласно одному из мнений, Восточная Европа находилась в уникальном положении, позволяющем извлечь выгоду из присутствия транснациональных компаний: ее рабочая сила имела хороший уровень образования, особенно в области инженерных и естественных наук, и была, таким образом, в состоянии избежать классической ловушки “низкая квалификация – низкая зарплата». Транснациональные корпорации принесли с собой именно то, чего не смог дать коммунизм, – современное управление, новые технологии и ноу-хау в области маркетинга.

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