能源能被管理么?

能源是当今世界面临的最为核心的全球性挑战。不论是在全球还是国家层面来说,能源的管理水平都很差。哥本哈根气候峰会的失败就是这样的一个缩影,它告诉我们,要想转移到一个可持续性和安全的能源体系,我们还有很长的路要走。

能源问题的重要性不言而喻。大约三分之二的温室气体都可以归结于化石燃料的使用。对石油的争夺引发了新一轮的地缘冲突。能源价格的波动也直接影响到全球经济形势的稳定性。经济的发展很大程度上依赖于如何解决能源匮乏难题。世界上还有 16 亿人口甚至缺乏基本的能源使用。

我们刚刚知道,过去一些不尽相关的问题,现在看起来也环环相扣,它们都和能源系统的管理缺失有着一定的关系。从全球或是国家层面来看,能源还是仅仅被看成是能源资源,不包括能源行业提供的相关服务。诚然,消费者对他们所使用的产品,运输,照明,加热或空调,设备来自何种能源不感兴趣。现有的僵化决策机制有些过时,特别是在当今高度灵活和快速变化成为主流之际。

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