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只剩最后一次机会的资本主义

发自伦敦——今年,全球变暖正在发生且对人类的影响可能极为严重甚至灾难性的证据已经比以往任何时候都更具说服力。6月和7月破纪录的全球气温。澳大利亚和印度两地前所未有的50摄氏度以上热浪。蔓延俄罗斯北部的大面积森林大火。所有这些都表明留给我们去减少温室气体排放并将全球变暖限制在至少可控水平的时间已经不多了。

对此的回应则是越来越大的激进行动需求。在美国,绿色新政的支持者认为美国应该在2030年实现零碳经济。英国的“灭绝叛乱”运动分子则在2025年达成这一目标,并以非常有效的公民不服从手段严重扰乱了伦敦的交通运输。而避免灾难性气候变化需要拒绝资本主义的论点也日益得势。

在这种日益高涨的激进主义浪潮之下,企业,商业集团和其他机构则呼吁要有所警惕以及采取更为谨慎的行动。它们认为要提前到2030年实现零排放将带来巨大的成本,而且需要调整生活水平(这是大多数人都无法接受的),还表示扰乱他人生活的非法行为将破坏民众对各类必要措施的支持。而一个更经济且渐进的减排途径会更好也一样可以防止灾难,同时那些在资本主义体系内运作的市场工具都可以成为强有力的变革杠杆。

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