卡尔德龙的熔炉

在极端不利的情况下,墨西哥终于在上周五诞生了新任总统。费利佩•卡尔德龙 (Felipe Calderón)冒着左翼反对派人士的怒火,击败了民主革命党(PRD)及其领导人安德列斯•曼努埃尔•洛佩斯•奥夫拉多尔(Andrés Manuel López Obrador),但同时也付出了惨重的代价。全世界电视新闻和报纸的头版头条都惊人地一致:“墨西哥新总统在混乱和争斗之中宣誓就职。”

墨西哥的政府机构艰难地顶住了左翼反对派几乎是暴动般的冲击,左翼人士一心想阻止卡尔德龙就任总统。同样难以应对的还有革命制度党(PRI),他们一门心思想看卡尔德龙登上宝座,而后再一败涂地、草草收场。在通往总统宝座的道路上,卡尔德龙出人意料地克服了所有似乎无法逾越的障碍,但管理和改革墨西哥的斗争才刚刚开始。

多数墨西哥评论家认为,改善卸任总统文森特·福克斯在就职期间造成的糟糕状况对卡尔德龙来讲难度不大。墨西哥需要以两倍于福克斯治下的速度获得经济增长(福克斯在任时增长率只有区区2%)。如果卡尔德龙能够加强法律和秩序,利用自己强大的政治能力与革命制度党达成经济结构的改革协议,他就能够获得成功。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/u1cHWY2/zh;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.