Comprar Estados Unidos al estilo chino

Las relaciones de Estados Unidos con China tienen la molesta tendencia de oscilar entre la aceptación y el rechazo, y esa ambivalencia maníaca está ahora abiertamente a la vista ya que el implacable aumento del poder económico de China ha llegado a lo inevitable: las compañías chinas están empezando a comprar las empresas estadounidenses.

Los Estados Unidos tuvieron su primera sorpresa -seguida por quejas del Congreso estadounidense- cuando la compañía de computación Lenovo Group compró la división de computadoras personales de IBM. No importa que para el año 2000 China hubiese invertido menos de 400 millones de dólares en Estados Unidos, mientras que Gran Bretaña había invertido más de 230 mil millones de dólares y Japón 159 mil millones de dólares. IBM es una de las empresas ícono de Estados Unidos y muchos políticos estadounidenses se quedaron desconcertados con la incursión económica de China.

Esa reacción casi automática hizo recordar los años 1980 cuando Estados Unidos despertó para darse cuenta que empresas japonesas como Sony compraban Columbia Pictures; Mitsubishi adquiría el Centro Rockefeller; y aún el famoso campo de golf Pebble Beach situado en la costa de California era arrebatado por los inversionistas japoneses. "La gente temía que las Rockettes tuvieran que vestir Kimonos", escribió Susan Tolchin de la Universidad George Mason, autora de "Comprar Estados Unidos". Lo siguiente fue el anuncio de que la empresa china de electrodomésticos Hai'er con sede en Qingdao estaba interesada en adquirir Maytag, otro ícono de las marcas estadounidenses.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now