Surgeon in surgical mask. Juan José Richards Echeverría/Flickr

Улучшение состояния глобального здоровья с помощью бизнесов

ЦЮРИХ – Впечатляющий успех Целей Развития Тысячелетия (ЦРТ) в способствовании прогрессам в здоровье мирового населения будет нелегко превзойти. Всего за 15 лет, уровень детской смертности сократился практически вдвое, а смертность от малярии снизилась на 60%. Сегодня около 15 миллионов человек по всему миру получают лечение от СПИДа, помогая им продолжать быть продуктивными членами общества. Когда ЦРТ были приняты в 2000 году, лечение получали лишь 10,000 человек.

Смогут ли новые Цели Устойчивого Развития (ЦУР), только что принятые Организацией Объединенных Наций для руководства глобальными усилиями в области развития на ближайшие 15 лет, повторить успех ЦРТ? Высокая планка, поставленная ЦРТ безусловно дает основания для надежды. Но новые цели в области здравоохранения являются еще более широкими и более амбициозными, чем когда либо прежде, а государственная медицинская ситуация во многих отношениях стала более сложной задачей, чем в 2000 году.

Новые ЦУР поставили перед глобальным обществом довольно высокие цели: впервые за историю таких обязательств, мировые лидеры пообещали уменьшение преждевременной смертности в результате хронических заболеваний, таких как рак, болезни сердца и диабет. Это трудная задача, особенно в эпохе стремительного роста численности населения и стремительного старения демографии. Хронические заболевания являются основной и растущей причиной смерти в обеих группах, а более двух миллиардов человек по-прежнему лишены доступа к основным лекарственным средствам.

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