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企业代表了什么?

坎布里奇—企业联盟代表谁说话?好吧,当然是企业。但“企业”又是谁?

这个问题正变得日益紧迫起来,因为,尽管企业极大地改变了我们对自我的看法,但企业联盟还没有跟进。而由此造成的滞后正在导致资本主义在许多国家失去合法性。

传统企业观——不论是马克思还是米尔顿·弗里德曼(Milton Friedman)——认为,企业是一个由资本家(股东)所有、代表其经营者的组织。它雇用工人、购买其他投入品,为出钱的人创造最大化回报。按照弗里德曼的说法,企业的社会责任就是增加利润。一切不直接有利于股东的目标都是一种扭曲的税。

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