Bushův staronový plán pro Irák

Kongresové volby loni v listopadu přinesly prezidentu Georgi W. Bushovi kartu ostrého odmítnutí jeho irácké politiky. Krátce po volbách Irácká studijní skupina nabídla oboupartajní recept na postupné stahování amerických vojáků. To ale Bush odmítl a setrvale hovoří o vítězství v Iráku – třebaže je nejasné, co to teď vlastně znamená. Snad proto, že Irák bude vymezovat jeho odkaz, projevuje neochotu ustoupit v okamžiku, kdy se jeho politika jeví jako katastrofa.

Bush nyní zvyšuje počet amerických vojáků v Bagdádu a v provincii Anbar a snaží se stabilizovat jak vznikající sektářskou občanskou válku, tak sunnitské povstání. Odvolal generály Johna Abizaida a George Caseyho, již byli vůči „navýšení“ jednotek skeptičtí, a přesunul velvyslance Zalmaye Khalizada, který měl v Iráku dojednat politickou dohodu.

Řada zákonodárců z Demokratické strany, již teď ovládají nový kongres, s tímto přístupem nesouhlasí. Někteří demokratičtí aktivisté usilují o okamžité stažení a naléhají na kongres, aby přerušil financování války, což je ovšem nepravděpodobné. Kongres není ochoten nechat se vykreslovat jako ten, kdo nepodpořil vojáky v poli; byť budou kritizovat, Bushův plán nezablokují.

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