Новый Ближний Восток Буша

Заявление президента Джорджа Буша о "выполненной миссии" в Ираке пять лет назад было столь же надменным, сколь нереальны его нынешние заявления о том, что американский "рывок" в Ираке "принес крупную стратегическую победу в более широкой войне с терроризмом". Иракская кампания является не только самой продолжительной и дорогостоящей войной в истории Америки - лауреат Нобелевской премии экономист Джозеф Стиглиц выдвинул ошеломляющую цифру в 3 триллиона долларов – но и наименее убедительной.

Война уничтожила иракское общество, раздробив его на этнорелигиозные сегменты. "Рывок" рано или поздно завершится, но иракцы, травмированные насилием и коррупцией, все равно не смогут объединить свое государство, а поскольку иракские военные по-прежнему не в состоянии полностью сменить американцев, в стране неизбежно возобновится джихадистское и межэтническое насилие. Как недавно сказал иракский полковник Омар Али - командир иракского батальона в Мосуле, являющемся центром противостояния на сегодняшний день: "Без американцев мы не смогли бы контролировать Ирак".

Войны, по определению Уинстона Черчилля, всегда являются "каталогом ошибок". Следовательно, суждение истории о войне в Ираке будет основано на том, способствовала ли она достижению стратегических целей "реконструкции" крайне дисфункционального Ближнего Востока в демократическое подобие Америки и укрепления гегемонии Америки в регионе, нежели на потраченных деньгах и пролитой крови.

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