Последний промах Буша

Администрация Буша в очередной раз допускает крупный политический промах на Ближнем Востоке, активно поддерживая израильское правительство в его непризнании палестинского коалиционного правительства с участием Хамаса. Это препятствует всякому продвижению в направлении мира в тот момент, когда прогресс по палестинской проблеме мог бы помочь предотвратить насилие на остальном Ближнем Востоке.

США и Израиль хотят иметь дело только с президентом Палестинской администрации, Махмудом Аббасом. Они надеются, что в результате новых выборов Хамас утратит имеющееся у него сейчас большинство в Палестинском законодательном совете. Это безнадежная стратегия, поскольку Хамас будет бойкотировать досрочные выборы, и даже если их результат приведет к исключению представителей Хамаса из правительства, никакое мирное соглашение не устоит без поддержки Хамаса.

Между тем, Саудовская Аравия следует иным путем. На февральском саммите в Мекке между Аббасом и лидером Хамаса Халедом Машаалом, саудовское правительство выработало соглашение между Хамасом и Фатхом, которые ожесточенно конфликтовали друг с другом, с целью формирования правительства национального единства. Согласно достигнутой в Мекке договоренности, Хамас согласился уважать международные резолюции и соглашения [с Израилем], подписанные Организацией освобождения Палестины, в том числе и заключенные в Осло. Саудовская Аравия рассматривает это соглашение как прелюдию к предложению мирного договора с Израилем, гарантами которого выступали бы Саудовская Аравия и другие арабские страны. Но никакой прогресс невозможен, пока администрация Буша и израильское правительство, возглавляемое Ехудом Ольмертом, упорно отказываются признать коалиционное правительство с участием Хамаса.

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