TTIP Tobias Schwarz/Getty Images

给TTIP的小建议

马德里—三年前,美国和欧盟开启了跨大西洋贸易和投资伙伴关系(TTIP)谈判,承诺“一鼓作气”完成谈判。但如今,谈判仍在进行,两方都遇到了重重阻力,达成协定的政治窗口正在迅速关闭。

TTIP谈判所遇到的障碍并非它所独有。它们反映了一个更为广泛的趋势——这一趋势需要从根本上重新思考贸易和自由贸易协定的流行观点。

毫无疑问,反对这类协定的力量在近几年中越来越强。在美国,两位推定总统提名人——民主党的希拉里·克林顿和共和党的唐纳德·特朗普——都支持反贸易观点,特朗普的重商主义立场更是二战以来美国主流政治争论中首次出现。此外,美国与环太平洋十一国所谈成的跨太平洋合作伙伴关系获得国会支持的希望也是日益渺茫。

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