Budování Palestiny odspodu

JERUZALÉM – Jak během návštěvy regionu zjistil zvláštní vyslanec prezidenta Baracka Obamy pro Střední východ, bývalý americký senátor George Mitchell, americké snahy o budování izraelsko-palestinského míru narážejí na tři zásadní překážky. Ty také nepochybně vyvstanou během nadcházejících Obamových schůzek s regionálními lídry.

První překážkou – a otázkou, která dnes stojí v popředí – je probíhající palestinská občanská válka, kdy Hamás ovládá pásmo Gazy navzdory palestinské samosprávě vedené Fatahem Abú Mázina. Vzhledem k tomuto elementárnímu selhání Palestinců při budování státu jsou v tuto chvíli téměř nemožné jakékoli smysluplné mírové rozhovory s Izraelem, natož mírová dohoda. Jestliže se Palestinci nedokážou sami mezi sebou shodnout na minimálním národním konsenzu, jak je možné mezi nimi a Izraelem sjednat mír?

Zadruhé, s Benjaminem Netanjahuem ze strany Likud na postu ministerského předsedy má teď Izrael vládu, u níž je mnohem méně pravděpodobné, že by byla ochotná – a schopná – udělat zásadní ústupky a vystěhovat ze Západního břehu stovky tisíc izraelských osadníků.

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