未践之约

普林斯顿——

2000年,各国领导人齐聚纽约,共同发表了振奋人心的千年宣言,承诺到2015年使全球赤贫及饥饿人口的比例减半、缺乏安全饮水和卫生设施的人口比例减半、在全世界推进初等教育的全民普及(特别是男女童平等接受教育)、将新生儿死亡率降低2/3、使孕产妇死亡率降低3/4以及防止艾滋病、疟疾等重大传染病蔓延等。按照这些承诺定下的一系列具体可测的目标被称为千年发展目标。

上个月,千年发展目标发布十周年之际,各国领导人再聚纽约,出席联合国峰会并通过一份名为《履行承诺》的文件,重申了在2015年实现千年发展目标的承诺。尽管联合国官方新闻称该文件为“全球行动计划”,但实际上它更像是美好愿望的表达。那么,我们到底有多大把握实际履行在2000年作出的这些承诺呢?

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